The rules of Meem As-Sakinah

Meem As-Sakinah has three rules:

1) Al-Ikhfaa’2) Al-Idghaam3) Al-Ith’har
1) Al-Ikhfaa’ As-Shafawi الإِخْفَاء الشَّفَوِي

Al-Ikhfaa’ As-Shafawi has only one letter and that is Baa (ب).

If the letter Baa comes after Meem As-Sakinah (the Meem at the end of a word and the Baa at the beginning of the following word) Al-Ikhfaa’ As-Shafawi with Ghunna is found.

The sound will be similar to the sound of Iqlaab in Nûn As-Saakinah. However here you will need to leave a small gap between the lips.

 – Examples of Ikhfaa’ (As-Shafawi)ikhfaa' shafawi

 

Examples of Ikhfaa’ As-Shafawi

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 2) Al-Idghaam Al-Mithlayn     الإِدْغَام المِثْلَين

It has only one letter which is Meem (م).

When a Meem As-Saakinah (at the end of a word) and a Meem Mutaharrik (At the beginning of the leading word) meet, it will be read with Idghaam with Ghunna.

 – Examples of Idghaam Al-Mithlayn:idghaam mithlayn
 
Examples of Idghaam Al-Mithlayn

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3) Al-Ith’har As-Shafawi  الإِظْهَار الشَّفَوِي

All the letters after taking out the letter Baa (from Ikhfaa’ As-Shafawi) and the letter Meem (from Idghaam Al-Mithlayn) are the letters of Ith’har As-Shafawi and they are 26.

So if any of the 26 letters appear after Meem As-Sakinah in one word or in two words, it will be read with Ith’har.

Take into account at the place of Meem As-Sakinah with the letter Waw (و) and Faa (ف) to emphasize the Meem so as not to confuse the listener that one may have recited it, like reciting when there is the letter Baa.

 – Examples of Ith’har As-Shafawi:
ith'haar shafawi 

 

Examples of Ith’har As-Shafawi

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46 thoughts on “The rules of Meem As-Sakinah

      1. Mashallah you teach such a good example for kids I’m only 10 and wow I’m shuck because not many people do this and inshallah you will go to jannah.
        Are you a molsab if not one day you will be inshallah.

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  1. awesome work!

    Say this Adhkaar too:
    Imam Muslim collected in his book from the hadeeth of Sumrah bin Jundab –Radi Allaahu anhu– who said that the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– said:

    ‘The most beloved speech to Allaah consists of four, there is no harm with which one you begin, Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar.’

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  2. Can anyone explain what this means please? “Take into account at the place of Meem As-Sakinah with the letter Waw (و) and Faa (ف) to emphasize the Meem so as not to confuse the listener that one may have recited it, like reciting when there is the letter Baa.”

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    1. So firstly this only happens to some people when they read and not everyone. Sometimes the reciter will read the letters similar to Ikhfaa Shafawi. So then they should read the Meem Saakinah more clearly when it comes with a Waaw or Faa.

      Hope this helps

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  3. asalaamu alaykum, might be a silly question but I am new to tajweed rules. But does idhaar meme shafawi have ghunna or no?

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    1. Wa alaikum Salaam
      No question is a silly question. Everyone here is learning.

      In Meem Saakin:
      • Ikhfaa Shafawi has Ghunna
      • Idghaam Mithlayn has Ghunna
      • Ith’haar Shafawi has NO Ghunna.
      (It is the same as Ith’haar of Nûn Saakin. Where it will be pronounced clearly with no merging or sounds.)

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  4. Assalam u alaikum wrwb
    Very nice mashaAllah

    I am tajweed teacher, can i use your images to teach?
    I did not find an email so have asked here.
    Plz reply on my email kindly.
    Jzakumullah khair

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  5. Can I please use the materials on your website to teach myself and my siblings. I have already used some of them to teach my siblings and Al Hamdulillah they now know the rules of noon sakinah and qalqalah

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